2. Knowledge of the gendered pattern of intimate partner violence
The NCAS asked respondents about their knowledge of the gendered pattern of domestic violence.
While most Australians (64%) recognise that mainly men, or men more often, commit acts of domestic violence, the percentage who recognise this has dropped 7 percentage points since the 2013 NCAS.
Men are more likely than women to perpetrate intimate partner violence, and are more likely to use frequent, prolonged and extreme violence.
Men are more likely than women to sexually assault their partner.
Men are more likely than women to subject their partner to controlling and coercive behaviours.
Women are more likely than men to use violence against their partner in self-defence or in response to a loss of control or dignity from ongoing violence or control by their partner.
While most Australians (81%) recognise that women are more likely to suffer physical harm from domestic violence, the percentage who recognise this has dropped 5 percentage points since the 2013 NCAS.
Women are more likely than men to suffer physical harm, including injuries requiring medical treatment, time off from work and days in bed.
Women are more likely than men to be the victims of domestic homicide.
Less than half (49%) of Australians recognise that levels of fear from domestic violence are worse for women, and there has been no statistically significant change since 2013. This is a 6% decline from 2009, when 55% of respondents recognised that levels of fear are worse for women.
Women are more likely than men to report experiencing fear as a result of violence.
Understanding the patterns of intimate partner violence is important because it reflects knowledge of the nature, severity and dynamics of violence itself. The response to intimate partner violence from someone who believes this form of violence tends to be mutual violence between two people with equal power is likely to be very different to someone who understands that a large proportion of intimate partner violence involves unequal, gendered power dynamics. As well as impacting individuals’ responses to intimate partner violence, this understanding may influence the level of policy attention and resourcing given to address intimate partner violence affecting women, relative to that affecting men.
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