Keeping an eye on the agenda:
Children and young people remain key in new research in the VAW field
ANROWS Notepad | 28 April 2022
ANROWS REGISTER OF ACTIVE RESEARCH
Momentum builds around research into children’s and young people’s experiences of DFV
In October 2020, Australia’s National Research Agenda to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children (ANRA) 2020–2022 named children and young people as the first of five priority areas in Australian research on violence against women.
Since then, momentum in this area has continued to build, and researchers across Australia are making a sincere and committed investment to understanding the DFV experiences of children and young people as victims in their own right.
To enable our stakeholders and external research funders to better understand the extent of the work currently underway, ANROWS maintains the Register of Active Research (RAR) – a centralised database of research projects that also serves as a key monitoring mechanism for the implementation of ANRA.
Almost 50 of the 116 projects housed in the RAR focus on children and young people. You can read about the long-term impacts of childhood emotional abuse, as well as young Australians’ use of social technology to prevent gender-based violence and a community-led approach to preventing this violence at school. The RAR also contains information on the Australian Child Maltreatment Study, and a project seeking to understand the needs and experiences of young people bereaved by domestic homicide.
You can filter the RAR by topic and explore projects currently underway in further areas including natural disasters and pandemics, financial security, drivers of violence against women, and integrated care and interagency collaboration. The RAR includes research commissioned by ANROWS as well as projects underway in more than 50 universities and research organisations.
Please keep sharing the details of your research with us. Registration with the RAR is easy, and with each project added, its utility increases.
ANRA will be updated later in 2022, and the RAR will help ANROWS to determine where research gaps remain and how to most effectively fill them. We look forward to sharing the new agenda with you, and continuing our work to end violence against women and children.
NEW ANROWS RESEARCH
New ways for our families: First report launched
Child protection responses to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children who have experienced or been exposed to DFV have led to the overrepresentation of these children in systems, and lifetime cumulative harm. A new ANROWS report from the Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Child Protection Peak (QATSICPP), which empowered local community researchers to investigate alternative responses, was launched earlier this month.
This report, New Ways for Our Families: Designing an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural practice framework and system responses to address the impacts of domestic and family violence on children and young people, is the first in a series of publications which will culminate in a new framework of practice to be launched later in 2022. In this report, the researchers present their findings from a literature review and the first rounds of action research cycles conducted with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander chief investigators, community researchers and practitioners working in eight community-controlled child and family services across Queensland.
Since publication, the report has been well received. Articles focusing on the report in The Guardian, The Australian and Pro Bono draw attention to the fact that a man who experienced violence as a child will only receive help for these experiences when he is, himself, recognised as a perpetrator of violence.
That is, a child protection response to exposure to or experience of DFV is not enough. Instead, children and young people need opportunities for holistic healing; culturally strong and community-led whole of family support; therapeutic healing circles; and connection to and knowledge about traditional cultural values, systems and traditions.
System changes are also required. These include procuring place-based and healing responses that support self-determination and effective resourcing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander services. More significantly, in terms of the effort required to achieve this, cultural capability across the services system needs to be enhanced, and structural racism needs to be eliminated in order to reduce the load on existing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander services.
Importantly, the researchers noted that while Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children’s voices have largely been invisible in the design and creation of interventions, they have a crucial role to play in designing programs that respond to their needs.
What we know about intimate partner homicide
“Little detail is publicly known, outside isolated media engagements, about the lives of the Indigenous women who have been killed [by their intimate partners], about the nature of the violence that they’ve endured, who the offender was and how they were held accountable for the harms they inflicted, or indeed any kind of reflection on the systems that were or weren’t involved in their lives that may have helped to prevent the escalating harms that they experienced, and their subsequent deaths.” – Dr Kyllie Cripps, Scientia Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Justice and Co-Convenor of the Gendered Violence Research Network, University of New South Wales
What we know about intimate partner homicide (IPH) in Australia is, overwhelmingly, what we know about IPH offenders. Insight into victims is crucially lacking, and there is in addition an overreliance on sentencing remarks in understanding the circumstances surrounding these lethal incidents, due to the lack of quality and consistent data that can be extracted from the results of coronial inquests.
In a recent ANROWS webinar, panellists including Dr Cripps, Dr Hayley Boxall (Australian Institute of Criminology) and Anna Butler (Department of Communities and Justice) unpacked the available data on IPH, addressed the gaps in our knowledge of these homicides, and discussed the need for institutional and professional accountability when it comes to preventing the IPH deaths of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander victims.
The discussion, facilitated by Padma Raman PSM (CEO, ANROWS), is now available to watch via the ANROWS website.
DAHLIA-19 INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH STUDY
Australian case study highlights innovative practice in response to COVID-19
Since December 2020, ANROWS, in partnership with the University of Melbourne, has been working on DAHLIA-19 – an international research study investigating DFV service provision in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and the United Kingdom in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
In addition to producing an Australian in-country report as part of the study, we have now also published a case study focusing on the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia’s National COVID-19 List as an example of innovative practice.
The List, established in response to a significant increase in the number of urgent applications filed in the Courts in March and April 2020, is dedicated to addressing urgent family law disputes arising due to the COVID-19 pandemic, including matters where there is an escalation or increase in risk of family violence.
The case study situates the introduction of the List among a wider context of the shift to online models ushered in by restrictions associated with the public health response to the pandemic, and also considers it as one of a number of reforms currently taking place in the family law arena in Australia. The success to date of the List has led to the implementation of other national lists (such as the National Contravention List), and there is a suggestion that elements of the model could be transferred to state contexts, as well as rural and remote areas.
The two interim reports are also available through the DAHLIA-19 website, where a final report, incorporating findings from all participating countries, will be published later in 2022.
ANROWS PARTNERS WITH THE EQUALITY INSTITUTE
New resource to aid in setting collective research priorities
ANROWS has been working alongside the Equality Institute on a resource that presents key areas of research related to violence against women and children that have been identified as priorities for the field, both within Australia and globally.
The resource, Research priorities and pathways for progress: Mapping the Global Shared Research Agenda against Australia’s National Research Agenda, highlights that there is both broad agreement and relevant contextual differences between agenda-setting processes at global and national levels.
Like ANRA, the resource is intended to inform future efforts to identify research gaps and set collective priorities, and it is available through the Equality Institute’s website.
MISIDENTIFIED WOMEN’S EXPERIENCES IN COURT AND THE CHALLENGES OF CONSENT NEGOTIATION
As part of the Monash Gender and Family Violence Prevention Centre’s 2022 Seminar Series, Dr Ellen Reeves will unpack her PhD research to discuss the court experiences of women misidentified as family violence “predominant aggressors”. During the seminar, Dr Reeves will interrogate the problematic “culture of consent” while drawing on the lived experiences of misidentified women and their encounters with the court system.
The event, facilitated by Associate Professor Kate Fitz-Gibbon, will take place online at 9:00 am, Wednesday 4 May.
WORKING WITH INTIMATE PARTNER HOMICIDE: EXPLORING SYSTEMS’ FAILURES AND POSSIBILITIES
Over two Wednesday mornings in May, ShantiWorks is hosting an online workshop series focusing on intimate partner homicides. The sessions are designed to enable participants to explore their theories and assumptions about intimate partner homicides to strengthen responses to men’s violence against and murder of women.
The first session, “Key Learnings”, will take place from 9:30am to 11:30am on Wednesday 18 May. You can register for one session, or both, through the ShantiWorks website.
New research and resources
This month we’ve added 19 new research reports, articles and resources to the ANROWS Library. Several researchers who have previously collaborated with ANROWS have published new research, covering topics including perpetrator interventions, health, primary care and specialist service responses. In addition, a journal article co-authored by former ANROWS CEO Dr Heather Nancarrow was published examining the association between IPV, depression and influenza-like illness experienced by pregnant women in Australia in a cohort study of 1,335 Australian women.
You can view this list of new research in the Library, along with over 10,000 records of sector-relevant resources and research.
Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health. (2022). Racism and mental health [Video]. MCWH.
Safe and Equal. (2022). Fast facts on family and gender-based violence [Infographic]. https://safeandequal.org.au/resources/fast-facts-2022/
Books and reports
Bartlett, T., Fitz-Gibbon, K., & Walklate, S. (2022) Human rights law and domestic violence: The Australian context. In P. Gerber (Ed.). Contemporary perspectives on human rights law in Australia (Vol 2; pp. 219–240). https://legal.thomsonreuters.com.au/critical-perspectives-on-human-rights-law-in-australia-volume-2-book/productdetail/127776
Fitz-Gibbon, K., Reeves, E., Gelb, K., McGowan, J., Segrave, M., Meyer, S., & Maher, J. (2022). National Plan Victim-Survivor Advocates Consultation: Final Report. Monash University. https://plan4womenssafety.dss.gov.au/national-plan-victim-survivor-advocates-consultation-report/
Parkinson, D. (2022). Gender-based violence and disaster. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199389407.013.390
Royal Commission into Violence, Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation of People with Disability. (2022). Overview of responses to the violence and abuse of people with disability at home issues paper. https://tinyurl.com/rwepbmdu
Victorian Aboriginal Legal Service. (2022). Addressing coercive control without criminalisation: Avoiding blunt tools that fail victim-survivors [Policy paper]. http://www.vals.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/Addressing-Coercive-Control-Without-Criminalisation-Avoiding-Blunt-Tools-that-Fail-Victim-Survivors.pdf
Adams, C., Hooker, L., & Taft, A. (2022). A systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis of the roles of home-visiting nurses working with women experiencing family violence. Journal of Advanced Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.15224
Alasmari, A. B. A., Frederico, M., Cleak, H., Lewis, V., & Walker, G. (2022). Prevalence of intimate partner violence among Saudi Arabian international students and their spouses. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/15426432.2022.2049433
Hine, L., Meyer, S., McDermott, L., & Eggins, E. (2022). Intervention programme for fathers who use domestic and family violence: Results from an evaluation of Caring Dads. Child & Family Social Work. https://doi.org/10.1111/cfs.12919
Louie, Y. M. (2022). For better or worse: When technology intersects with domestic violence and the lived experiences of Chinese immigrant women [Doctoral dissertation, RMIT].
Rees, S. J., Wells, R., Mohsin, M., Nadar, N., Moussa, B., Hassoun, F., Yousif, M., Khalil, B., Krishna, Y., Nancarrow, H., Silove, D., & Fisher, J. (2021). The association between intimate partner violence, depression and influenza-like illness experienced by pregnant women in Australia. Women, 1(4), 192-203. https://www.mdpi.com/2673-4184/1/4/17
Rodgers, J., Carrington, K., & Ryan, V. (2022). Australian police perceptions of women’s police stations. Police Practice and Research, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614263.2022.2049778
Truong, M., Sharif, M., Olsen, A., Pasalich, D., Calabria, B., & Priest, N. (2022). Attitudes and beliefs about family and domestic violence in faith-based communities: An exploratory qualitative study. Australian Journal of Social Issues. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajs4.210
Walklate, S., & Fitz-Gibbon, K. (2022). Re-imagining the measurement of femicide: From “thin” counts to “thick” counts. Current Sociology. doi.org/10.1177/00113921221082698
Wang, J. J. J., Fung, T., & Poynton, S. (2022). Takeaway alcohol sales and violent crime: The implications of extended trading hours. Crime and Justice Bulletin (Number 247).
Woodlock, D., Salter, M., Conroy, E., Burke, J., & Dragiewicz, M. (2022). “If I’m not real, I’m not having an impact”: Relationality and vicarious resistance in complex trauma care. British Journal of Social Work. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcac054
In the media
Domestic violence spike expected in flood-ravaged northern NSW—ABC News
Hannah Clarke inquest concludes with hopes findings will be ‘powerful tool for change’—ABC News
Listening to the voices of family violence victim-survivor advocates—Monash Lens
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