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Our research

Violence against women and their children affects everybody. It impacts on the health, wellbeing and safety of a significant proportion of Australians throughout all states and territories and places an enormous burden on the nation’s economy across family and community services, health and hospitals, income-support and criminal justice systems.


News and events

ANROWS hosts events as part of its knowledge transfer and exchange work, including public lectures, workshops and research launches. Details of upcoming ANROWS activities and news are available from the list on the right.



ANROWS was established by the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments of Australia to produce, disseminate and assist in applying evidence for policy and practice addressing violence against women and their children.



To support the take-up of evidence, ANROWS offers a range of resources developed from research to support practitioners and policy-makers in delivering evidence-based interventions.


SUSTAIN Guidelines: The “REAL” Transformation Model

The SUSTAIN Guidelines are based on the “REAL” Transformation Model which is designed to assist with implementing sustainable domestic and family violence (DFV) screening and response in antenatal care.

The Relate, Engage, Act, Learn (“REAL”) Transformation Model was developed through ANROWS research entitled Sustainability of identification and response to family violence in antenatal care: The SUSTAIN study. It identified essential elements pertaining to four different levels of the antenatal care system: the woman, the practitioners, the clinic and the health system itself. The “how” pertains to characteristics of the relationship between women and their practitioners, and important elements that facilitate effective engagement of a woman. The “why” concerns practical actions required within the clinic and health system, as well as activities related to learning to enable reflection on practice and systems to build practitioners’ knowledge and skills and strengthen existing systems.

Practical scripts and reflective questions for each element of this model can be found in these SUSTAIN Guidelines, which were created to support hospital antenatal services’ and practitioners’ readiness to respond to DFV via reflective questions and practical scripts.



Suggested citation

Hegarty, K., Spangaro, J., Koziol-McLain, J., Walsh, J., Lee, A., Kyei-Onanjiri, M., Matthews, R., Valpied, J., Chapman, J., Hooker, L., McLindon, E., Novy, K., & Spurway, K. (2020). SUSTAIN Guidelines: The “REAL” Transformation Model. ANROWS.

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