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Our research

Violence against women and children affects everybody. It impacts on the health, wellbeing and safety of a significant proportion of Australians throughout all states and territories and places an enormous burden on the nation’s economy across family and community services, health and hospitals, income-support and criminal justice systems.


News and events

ANROWS hosts events as part of its knowledge transfer and exchange work, including public lectures, workshops and research launches. Details of upcoming ANROWS activities and news are available from the list on the right.



ANROWS was established by the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments of Australia to produce, disseminate and assist in applying evidence for policy and practice addressing violence against women and their children.



To support the take-up of evidence, ANROWS offers a range of resources developed from research to support practitioners and policy-makers in delivering evidence-based interventions.


Current and emerging threats to trans and gender diverse human rights: Australian Human Rights Commission.

This ANROWS submission sets out the evidence on current and emerging threats to trans and gender diverse human rights.  Due to the sparsity of research in this area, ANROWS recommends further research to inform interventions and initiatives. 

ANROWS provided a submission to the Australian Human Rights Commission into current and emerging threats to trans and gender diverse human rights. The submission drew on our evidence base to highlight systemic barriers and challenges, including discrimination, faced by trans women in accessing essential services; patterns of discrimination, harassment and violence targeting trans women in public, private and online spaces; and measures that can challenge anti-trans sentiment and discrimination.

ANROWS recommends that the Commission consider:

  • the importance of co-design with a wide range of services including multicultural women’s services and LGBTQ services when developing initiatives aimed at addressing anti-trans sentiment and discrimination
  • the need for community-wide, multifaceted interventions to encourage cultural change and challenge societal attitudes which support, condone or trivialise violence towards trans and gender diverse individuals.

This submission will be of interest to policymakers, practitioners and researchers interested in addressing safety and wellbeing for trans and gender diverse individuals.

This submission draws primarily on the experiences of trans women of colour and findings from the “Crossing the line: Lived experience of sexual violence among trans women of colour from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in Australia” project.



Suggested citation

Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety. (2024). Re: Call for Submissions: Current and emerging threats to trans and gender diverse human rights [Submission]. ANROWS.

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