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Our research

Violence against women and their children affects everybody. It impacts on the health, wellbeing and safety of a significant proportion of Australians throughout all states and territories and places an enormous burden on the nation’s economy across family and community services, health and hospitals, income-support and criminal justice systems.


News and events

ANROWS hosts events as part of its knowledge transfer and exchange work, including public lectures, workshops and research launches. Details of upcoming ANROWS activities and news are available from the list on the right.



ANROWS was established by the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments of Australia to produce, disseminate and assist in applying evidence for policy and practice addressing violence against women and their children.



To support the take-up of evidence, ANROWS offers a range of resources developed from research to support practitioners and policy-makers in delivering evidence-based interventions.


The impact of workplace culture on gender equality


The growing evidence base in relation to workplace gender equality has, to date, focused primarily on interventions targeting formal gender equality indicators, such as pay equity; gender composition of all levels of the workforce, including governing bodies; prevention of and responses to workplace sexual harassment; recruitment and promotion practices; gendered work segregation; and leave and flexibility options. An area that has been less explored is the impact of the workplace culture in which these interventions are applied.

Workplace culture refers to the environment employees operate in and includes the often-unspoken norms, behaviours and attitudes that are considered acceptable and tolerated. Workplace culture has been identified as crucial to the success of the above interventions (e.g. using paid domestic and family violence leave).

When a workplace culture is not supportive of such interventions, outcomes like those described by the "Nordic paradox" result. The Nordic paradox posits that female advancement creates male backlash, and when gender norms, stereotypes and attitudes are not addressed, the negative outcomes are expressed elsewhere. Here in Australia, research shows that women earning more than their partners and thus violating the "male breadwinner" stereotype, are 35 per cent more likely to experience partner violence and 20 per cent more likely to experience emotional abuse.


This research aims to gain new insights into the views and experiences of Australian-based workers on how workplaces can create and maintain a culture that is supportive of gender equality. This project will utilise an online national survey to gain new knowledge about:

1. Australian-based workers’ views on the current status of gender equality in their workplace.
2. Insights into the current cultural climate of Australian workplaces.
3. Areas for further policy and practice reform.


The project will deliver important policy and practice insights that will be of benefit across all Australian states and territories, as well as a variety of workplaces and industries nationally.

Funding Body

Safe and Equal @ Work funded by the Victorian Higher Education State Investment Fund (VHESIF)

Project start date

May 2021

Expected completion date

June 2023
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