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Violence against women and children affects everybody. It impacts on the health, wellbeing and safety of a significant proportion of Australians throughout all states and territories and places an enormous burden on the nation’s economy across family and community services, health and hospitals, income-support and criminal justice systems.


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ANROWS hosts events as part of its knowledge transfer and exchange work, including public lectures, workshops and research launches. Details of upcoming ANROWS activities and news are available from the list on the right.



ANROWS was established by the Commonwealth and all state and territory governments of Australia to produce, disseminate and assist in applying evidence for policy and practice addressing violence against women and their children.



To support the take-up of evidence, ANROWS offers a range of resources developed from research to support practitioners and policy-makers in delivering evidence-based interventions.


Pathways to intimate partner homicide

February 2022

Intimate partner homicide is the most common form of homicide in Australia.

However, an understanding of intimate partner homicide incidents in Australia, particularly the nature and course of the relationship between the victim and the offender, is currently limited.

This gap in the research is notable considering the importance of such information for identifying potential intervention points, as well as events and behaviours that could foreshadow fatal outcomes within relationships.

Research aim/s

The purpose of the study is to describe the nature and course of intimate partner relationships that culminate in the male-perpetrated homicide of a female partner. It aims to examine the combination and sequencing of characteristics, behaviours and events that could foreshadow fatal outcomes.



The study is examining incidents of male-perpetrated murder of a female intimate partner homicide that occurred between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2018. The study involves the analysis of data extracted from two primary sources:

  • the Australian Institute of Criminology’s (AIC) National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP), which combines offence record data from Australian state and territory police and coronial data from the National Coronial Information System, supplemented with additional information from coronial and court documents
  • sentencing remarks.

Information is being extracted using a coding framework informed by the relevant literature and in consultation with an advisory body comprised of members of the Australian Domestic and Family Violence Death Review Network, academia, Commonwealth Government agencies and the support service sector. The information extracted will be analysed using crime scripts analysis (CSA) and behavioural sequence analysis (BSA) frameworks. CSA will be used to identify the sequential stages of crime commission and map interactions between offenders, victims and their immediate environment, and BSA will be used to map and identify transitions between offender and victim behaviours and events at the micro and macro levels.



The collection of information about the trajectories associated with intimate partner homicide will be crucial for identifying “red flags” for serious harm within intimate relationships. This information is vital not only for government agencies and the support service sector who respond to women experiencing IPV, but also for public awareness-raising and for other sectors who may have contact with women for reasons others than IPV.


Project lead

Hayley Boxall, Australian Institute of Criminology

Research team

Laura Doherty, Australian Institute of Criminology

Siobhan Lawler, Australian Institute of Criminology

Christie Franks, Australian Institute of Criminology

Dr Samantha Bricknell, Australian Institute of Criminology



The “Pathways to intimate partner homicide” project: Key stages and events in male-perpetrated intimate partner homicide in Australia

see also


Pathways to intimate partner homicide: The “fixated threat” offender trajectory



Pathways to intimate partner homicide: The “persistent and disorderly” offender trajectory



Pathways to intimate partner homicide: The “deterioration/acute stressor” offender trajectory


See also

Media release

National research organisations join forces to investigate patterns of intimate partner homicide and breaches of parenting orders

Find out more



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